A benefit of using subdivision meshes over polygon meshes is that the topological data needed to perform subdivision is also useful for guaranteeing that the surface will remain watertight, no matter what happens in the displacement. In particular, if the faces immediately adjacent to a shared edge compute a different displacement result, on a polygon mesh a crack will likely appear as the faces pull apart. While this seems like an obvious thing to avoid, in practice it may not be easy to do so particularly when using a complicated texture asset derived from PTex or a UDIM based workflow. If a subdivision mesh is used instead of a polygon mesh, with watertight dicing enabled, the renderer can ensure that no cracks will appear at face boundaries.
Watertight dicing can be significantly slower than regular dicing and lengthen the Time to First Pixel (TTFP).
In order to provide the smoothest possible limit surface, the averaging behavior of a subdivision surface is such that the limit surface "pulls away" from the boundaries of the control mesh by default. This can be undesirable when dealing with non-closed meshes, especially those that need to connect seamlessly with other adjoining meshes. As a convenience, RenderMan provides boundary interpolation rules that allow this behavior to be overridden, allowing the surface to continue all the way to the boundary of the control mesh. Different rules allow for smooth or sharp corners (vertices which have exactly two incident edges). The example below shows the boundary interpolation rules applied to a simple 9 face control mesh.